Wound care prep, a shorthand for wound care preparation, is an efficient and methodical approach to the management of wounds, or wound care. The products that are featured in this category are mainly used to cleanse the wound exudate and debridement. Proper wound care prep will lead to a faster healing rate and less risk of infections.
5 Main Steps to Proper Wound Care Prep and Management
When properly addressing and managing a wound, there are basic principles that need to be followed and can be expressed in terms of steps. When performing wound care prep and management, always remember to think of your own safety and protection as well by using the proper PPE (Personal Protective Equipment). Here are the five main steps in performing proper wound care prep and management:
Stop the Bleeding
The first principle and step in wound care prep are to stop the bleeding. This process, called hemostasis, is mostly spontaneous. However, in cases of significant injury or any laceration of vessels, pressure needs to be applied to the wound, followed by elevation, and a tourniquet, which is utilizing a bandage or cord to stop the flow of blood towards the injured part.
Wound cleaning is one of the most important steps to promote healing and reduce the chances of infection. Wound cleaning includes, but is not limited to the following aspects:
Disinfecting by using an antiseptic, like betadine
Decontaminate and debride by removing any foreign objects and bodies on the wound
Irrigate the wound with saline water
Consult with a professional whether antibiotics are needed (usually recommended for high-risk wounds or if there are already present signs of infection)
Numb The Wound, If Needed
Analgesia is the act of numbing a certain part of the body to allow for a humane and easier way of the closure of the wound. Some analgesics come in the form of creams that may be applied to help numb the pain if needed. This would be best done with the supervision of a medical professional.
Closing the skin depends on the severity of the wound, but is essential for effectively promoting wound healing. For most of us, we can help aid skin closure by applying a bandage or dressing so that the wound is covered while waiting for help to come. This will greatly help promote healing and keep the wound clean until the medical personnel arrives.
Dressing and Follow-up
As mentioned above, dressing the wound will be effective in keeping the wound clean and aiding the wound healing process. There are multiple types of dressing available depending on the type of wound. The best method for this is to assess the type of wound and apply the proper dressing for the wound. This will lessen the chances of contamination and infection. After this, it is advised to seek medical attention and keep the wound dry as much as possible, if there is a presence of exudate or other liquids.
Wound care prep and wound care management go hand in hand in making sure that any sudden injuries are addressed quickly with the right items. With the right tools available and the right knowledge, you will be able to help any loved one with their wounds properly and efficiently.